French Grammar Explained /

Relative pronoun Where

Sometimes explanations can sound redundant:
J'habite à Nice. Nice est au bord de la mer.
I live in Nice. Nice is on the coast.
To avoid this redundancy, we use relative pronouns:
Nice, j'habite, est au bord de la mer.
Nice, where I live, is on the coast.
Hey, haven't we talked about relative pronouns before?
Indeed we have; remember qui and que?
Mais oui!
Unlike qui and que, which can be used with people and objects, the relative pronoun is used in French to substitute a place:
La ville (= dans la ville) j'habite est au bord de la mer.
For the grammar lover
is a substitute for an indirect object introduced by a preposition of place (à, dans, sur, chez, en, au, de...)
Let's look at other examples using the relative pronoun :
J'ai grandi dans une maison. La maison est très petite.
I grew up in a house. The house is very small.
La maison j'ai grandi est très petite.
The house where I grew up is very small.
Il achète ses vêtements au magasin. Voici le magasin.
He buys his clothes in the shop. Here's the shop.
Voici le magasin il achète ses vêtements.
Here's the shop where he buys his clothes.