German is well known for building compound words, and this is also the case for adjectives.
You can combine several different words to build a new adjective much like you could experiment with different ingredients when cooking! The outcome of these combinations is then known as a composition (“Komposition”)
There are a few standard ways to do this, let's call them recipes :)
The simplest recipe is to combine two adjectives. adjective + adjective. In English, the result might be achieved by using the two adjectives separately or in some cases joining them by using a hyphen. In German the result is a new compound adjective.
We can also combine adjectives with other words that are not adjectives. This is commonly known as a “derivation” (Ableitung).
To do this, we need a new ingredient: a prefix.
We can also modify nouns or verbs to make them into adjectives. To do so, we need a suffix. There are various common suffixes to do this, but you don't need to know all of them, of course! The best way to go about this is to learn each adjective as you need it. In many cases, the results are very close to theri English "cousins".
Here are a couple of examples of how you might turn a noun into an adjective:
And for verbs:
Adjectives are good fun! Be creative and try to combine two adjectives together or make one out of a noun or a verb. You'll soon be able to do it using awesome words such as blitzschnell (lightning fast) or fehlerfrei (error free) ! :D