German Grammar Explained /

Participle: verbs with prefixes

Do you remember the verbs with prefixes?
anfangen, aufstehen, bekommen, ...
Genau! Some of them are separable (anfangen, aufstehen) some of them aren't (bekommen).
Yeah, I'm still getting to grips with those...
Have a look at the past tense!
Separable verbs:
Wann bist du heute aufgestanden?
When did you get up today?
Non-separable verbs:
Hast du meine Blumen bekommen?
Did you get my flowers?
So... The separable ones have the ge in between the prefix and the main verb?
Exactly! See? You’re getting good at this! The non-separable verbs usually stay the same, but they aren't as regular as the separable ones. You'll learn them as you go, don't worry! Here's a little overview for you:
aufstehen → aufgestanden bekommen → bekommen
anfangen → angefangenerklären → erklärt
aufräumen → aufgeräumtverstehen → verstanden
zurückgehen → zurückgegangenfrühstücken → gefrühstückt