Learning a new language usually involves a new sentence structure and Spanish is not the exception. Last time in a LL with @ElliElli_ElliElli , she asked me about this topic. We thought it is important, and it could be helpful for all of you, who as her may have doubts on how to build a sentence sometimes .
Every language has its own rules for example, in German we have TeKaMoLo, in Spanish, we are very flexible and the different rules I’ll present to you today :
SVO: SUJETO + VERBO + COMPLEMENTO
Tomás + come + pan. --> This is a simple sentence, and it’s the basic structure one can use to start building sentences.
In comparison with English we can omit a subject pronoun but only if context it’s clear enough or the verb conjugation can only be linked to one subject, for example:
Jorge trabaja los martes , juega tenis los miércoles y descansa los jueves .
Vemos la televisón .
In both examples, we see how the context or the conjugation of the verb indicates the subject already.
How would you describe things in English? The red car or the car red? Although the second one may sound odd to you, that is how it usually works in Spanish. Adjectives usually come after the nouns they modify like in these sentences:
Tomás compra ropa bonita .
El carro es rápido y caro .
Negative sentences are easy . You just need to include no before the verb:
Tomás no toma cerveza .
Los libros no están lindos .
Adverbs are quite flexible and with these, you may have a lot of possibilities. Just try to keep them near the verb . Only if they are next to an adjective they will have to come first:
El árbol es muy grande .
Here are other examples with other types of adverbs and how can they change places:
Stephan tiene un examen hoy. / Hoy Stephan tiene un examen.
Tatiana frecuentemente escucha música. / Frecuentemente Tatiana escucha música.
Lina poco juega al ajedrez. / Lina juega poco al ajedrez.
That’s all for now . I think it’s time to practice
Could you write a sentence for each specific point I made? Which one do you find more difficult?
I look forward to reading your sentences .