Trennbare Verben (Präfixe)

Hey you all! :slight_smile:

I just had a live lesson and our main topic was “Trennbare Verben” which can be a little complicated at first for new learners.

So I looked for some “rules” to get a better understanding of when to “split” verbs in half.

  1. if both words in the verb can stand alone, or if they can be found in a dictionary, you have a separable Verb.
    For example:

“aufstehen” (auf+stehen)
“einkaufen” (ein+kaufen)

But if the word can’t stand alone or if it can’t be found in a dictionary then you can’t split the verb.

For example:

“bereisen” -> “be” alone doesn’t make sense
“beginnen” -> in this case both of the words “be” and “ginnen” don’t make sense alone
“vergessen” -> “ver” alone doesn’t make sense

  1. you can focus on the accent on the first part of the verb.
    Does the accent fall on the first syllable ?
    yes -> you have to split the verb
    no -> you can’t split the verb

  2. it’s easier to learn the exceptions:
    be-, -, ent-, er-, ge-, miss-, un-, ver-, zer-
    Verbs which have these prefixes can’t be split up.

There are also some prefixes which can be separable and inseparable !

It’s also important to know that the meaning of the verbs change with every prefix!

I hope this helps a little ! If you have any further questions then please feel free to ask !
Maybe some of the other tutors also have some tips or something to add ? :smiley:

You can also click on this link, I think this also explains it very well! :slight_smile:

07.10.20: Taking the train in Germany

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Thank you @YasminY, your explanation is super complete and super useful!! :ok_hand:
I also found two small topics in the Chatterbug database: one on separable verbs and another on inseparable verbs :bear_smile:

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Thank you, @YasminY :blush: “Trennbare Verben” are always tricky, but you’re right if the first part does not have a singular meaning than its part of the word. This is very helpful :raised_hands:.

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Thank you @YasminY! This topic is among those I sometimes struggle with. Most of the time I just remember the verb in Perfekt and an example or two where I can use it. And, of course, the advice about the accent is a cool one. During one of my live lessons I was taught how to use it and it works amazing!

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Thank you so much @YasminY for this great and short explanation :clap:t4:

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Thank you for your explanation Yasmin! I’m sure that this will help a lot of students who struggle with this topic :slight_smile:

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Oh I hope it will ! :slight_smile:

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