German Grammar Explained /

Adjectives from participles

We have been learning some tricks to quickly expand your vocabulary, like creating adjectives by using specific endings. In this topic, we'll show you how to make adjectives using participles.
Let's quickly recap past participles (called: Partizip II)
  1. Most past participles have a -ge in the beginning. → gekommen, gesungen, gespielt
  2. Separable verbs have the -ge- in the middle. → mitgekommen, angefangen, aufgehört
  3. Verbs with inseparable prefixes don't have a ge at all. → verstanden, verkauft, erkannt
  4. Verbs that end in -ieren don't have a ge either. → studiert, fotografiert, repariert
You might be wondering, if these are Partizip II's, what are the Partizip I's?
Not really, no.
They are the present participles! It's easier than the Partizip II. You just add a "-d" to the infinitive!
Infinitive
Partizip I Happening now or in general
Partizip II Happened in the past
entspannen
entspannend
entspannt
→ relaxing
→ relaxed
steigen
steigend
gestiegen
→ raising
→ raised
schockieren
schockierend
schockiert
→ shocking
→ shocked
Steigende Gehälter tragen zur Umsatzsteigerung bei.
Raising salaries contribute to sales growth.
Die gestiegenen Gehälter trugen zur Umsatzsteigerung bei.
The raised salaries contributed to sales growth.