What do the verbs "help", "give", "write", and "send" have in common?
They are things we do in our jobs?
Well, yes... and this can be a hint. Things we do in our jobs, usually involve other people apart from ourselves.
Oh, I know, things that have a recipient!
Exactly, you are good at this!
To "help", "give", "write", or "send", we need a person on the other side to receive our help, our present, our email, our package, etc. In grammar terms, those recipients are called indirect objects.
Well, remember declensions?
How could I forget them...
For indirect objects, we have a new declension type called dative.
We are not going to pretend this is an easy and beautiful peace of grammar knowledge. It actually really sucks because every article changes to something else. Bear with us.
Let's remember the good old accusative first. We like the accusative :)
We use it with direct objects
It only changes in masculine singular
We use it with verbs like "to see", "to take", "to order", "to eat" , etc.
|der/ein Mann||→||den/einen Mann|
|die/eine Frau||→||die/eine Frau|
|das/ein Kind||→||das/ein Kind|
|die Kinder/ - Kinder||→||die Kinder/ - Kinder|
Okay, now the dative where it's a little more tricky:
I show ||dem Mann
den Kindern ||den Supermarkt.
die Museen. |
Remember: we use the dative for indirect objects, mostly other people playing an indirect role in our actions, usually receiving something.
Don't panic, it may seem a little complicated at first, but you'll get the hang of it over time :)